University of Wisconsin–Madison Medical College of Wisconsin

Trends in Smoking During Pregnancy in Wisconsin, 2011-2016

Renee T. Sullender, BA; Patrick L. Remington, MD, MPH

WMJ. 2020;119(1):52-55.

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Background: Smoking during pregnancy remains a significant public health concern with widespread social, economic, and health effects.

Objective: To describe the epidemiology of maternal smoking in Wisconsin over time and by county, age, race/ethnicity, education, and other characteristics.

Methods: Cigarette smoking during pregnancy in 2011-2016 was evaluated using Wisconsin Interactive Statistics on Health data.

Results: Maternal smoking rates declined from 14.4% in 2011 to 11.4% in 2016. Rates are highest among women aged 20-24 and those with less education. American Indians had the highest rates of smoking during pregnancy at all education levels.

Conclusion: Despite continued declines in the rates of smoking during pregnancy in Wisconsin, disparities exist for American Indians, young, and less-educated women. Physicians should continue to encourage cessation throughout pregnancy and support evidence-based community programs and policies.

Author Affiliations: University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, Wis (Sullender, Remington).
Corresponding Author: Patrick L. Remington, MD, MPH, 610 Walnut St, Rm 1007, Madison, WI 53726; phone 608.263.1745; email
Acknowledgements: The authors would like to thank Angela Rohan, PhD, with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention at the Wisconsin Department of Health Services for her advice.
Funding/Support: None declared.
Financial Disclosures: None declared.
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