University of Wisconsin–Madison Medical College of Wisconsin

Volume 120, Issue 3

October 2021

Rural Health

Approximately 20% of Americans live in rural areas, yet rural Americans are less likely to have health care, have decreased access to health care, and may often need to travel long distances to find a doctor or hospital. In this issue of WMJ, authors explore some of the myriad factors that affect rural health outcomes.

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In This Issue
Exploring Factors That Affect Rural Health 
Sarina Schrager, MD, MS, WMJ Editor-in-Chief

The Wisconsin Infection Prevention Center: The Value of a Statewide Infection Prevention Center 
Nasia Safdar, MD, PhD; L. Silvia Munoz-Price, MD, PhD; Robert N. Golden, MD; Joseph E. Kerschner, MD; Ann Nattinger, MD, MPH; Ryan Westergaard, MD, PhD, MPH

Letter to the Editor
Empathy for the Unvaccinated 
Margaret L. Schwarze, MD, MPP; William J. Ehlenbach, MD, MSc

Letter to the Editor
Racial and Ethnic Differences in Zoster Vaccine Uptake: A Cross-Sectional Study in a Veterans Health Administration Primary Care Clinic
Marvin J. Bittner, MD; Gia Thinh D. Truong, BS; Zachary A. Creech, BS


Driving Time to Trauma Centers for Children Living in Wisconsin 
Keon Young Park, MD, PhD; Benjamin L. Eithun, CRNP; Jeffrey Havlena, MS; Jessica Draper, APNP; Randi S. Cartmill, MS; Michael K. Kim, MD; Jonathan E. Kohler, MD, MA

Trends in Mortality at a Level II Rural Trauma Center 
David L. McClure, PhD; Daniel C. Cullinane, MD; Ivan L. Maldonado, MD

Rural Residence Predicts Lower Cardiac Mortality and Better Mental Health Outcomes
Danyon Anderson, BA; Paul Beinhoff; BS; Leslie Ruffalo, PhD

Medical Student Burnout as Impacted by Trait Emotional Intelligence – Moderated by Three-Year and Four-Year Medical Degree Programs and Gender 
Robert Treat, PhD; William J. Hueston, MD; Jeff Fritz, PhD; Amy Prunuske, PhD; Craig J. Hanke, PhD

Quality of Dietary Intake in Children With Developmental Disabilities: A Pilot Study 
Andrea Moosreiner, MPH, RD, CD; Michele Polfuss, PhD, RN, CPNP-AC/PC; Bethany Forseth, PhD, MS

Does a Centralized Scheduling Process Improve Referral Timeliness? 
Quinn Bongers, MD; Bradley H. Crotty, MD, MPH; M. Chris Decker, MD; John Fangman MD


Electronic Vaping Product Use Among Adolescents in the Era of the COVID-19 Pandemic: An Updated Scientific Review for Clinicians 
Pravesh Sharma, MD; Taharat Sheikh; Christopher Williams, MD

Adverse Childhood Experiences: Perceptions, Practices, and Possibilities 
Hannah T. Sherfinski, BS; Paige E. Condit, MD; Samantha S. Williams Al-Kharusy, MD; Megan A. Moreno, MD, MSEd, MPH


Rapid Transition to Telemedicine During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Medical Genetics Experience 
Sara Zoran, MS, CGC; Christie Turcott, MS, CGC; Amy Whitehead, MPA; Lynn Hrabik, MPH, RDN; Anne Harris, PhD; Jessica Scott Schwoerer, MD

Community Assessment of Extreme Heat Preparedness in Milwaukee, Wisconsin 
Megan L. Christenson, MS, MPH; Colleen E. Moran, MS, MPH; Bria S. Grant, BS; Nicholas C. Tomaro, DVM, MPH; Jon G. Meiman, MD

Opioid Overdose Mortality Trends in Wisconsin, 2004-2019 
Erin C. Nacev, MD, MPH; Marina C. Jenkins, BA; Calvin W. Lee, PharmD, MPH

Student Leadership Development Initiative: Benefits of a Unique Medical Student Organization 
Allison R. Linehan, MD; Alexander R. Chartier, MD; Yizeng He, BA; Michael Sobin, MD; William J. Hueston, MD; John R. Meurer, MD, MBA


Evidence of Early Household Transmission of SARS-CoV-2 Involving a School-Aged Child 
Jonathan L. Temte, MD, PhD; Shari Barlow, BA; Emily Temte, BA; Maureen Goss, MPH; Kelsey Florek, PhD, MPH; Katarina M. Braun, MD; Thomas C. Friedrich, PhD; Erik Reisdorf, MS; Allen C. Bateman, PhD, MPH; Amra Uzicanin, MD, MPH

The Risks of Reflexive Refilling 
Olivia R. McCarty, MD; Margaret Pertzborn, PharmD; Paul A. Bergl, MD

Pausing During the Pandemic: Addressing Cognitive Biases in Providers’ Medical Decision-Making During the COVID-19 Era
Sarah Yale, MD; Jacqueline Lee, MD; Natalya Beneschott, MD; Amanda Rogers, MD

Austrian Syndrome – A Rare Clinical Triad 
Lauren E. Watchmaker, BA; Dana Ley, MD; Bartho Caponi, MD

Verbal Amnesia Secondary to Unilateral Infarct of the Mediodorsal Thalamic Nucleus 
Haley Pysick, MD; Donn Dexter, MD; Christopher Lindsay, MD


Making Human and Social Differences our Source of Strength
Joseph E. Kerschner, MD

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